Somali Ecological Society (SES)

Promoting the study and sustainable use of natural resources in the Horn of Africa
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S E S   A c h i e v e m e n t s

The Somali Ecological Society (SES) was founded in 1983, and the Society is non-political and non-profit making. Prior to the outbreak of the civil war in Somalia , the organisation employed Reserve Guards, and Reserve Wardens, especially in Balcad Nature Reserve. In its early years conservation efforts focussed upon identifying and preserving remnant vegetation and wildlife habitats, which represent natural ecotypes indigenous to Somalia and Somaliland .

The Society also sought to achieve a greater awareness of environmental problems and to bring these to the attention of decision-makers, for appropriate actions.


SES Achievements prior to 1991

•  Establishment of Balcad Nature Reserve

Balcad Nature Reserve was the first site that Somali Ecological Society has supported to achieve Reserve Status (form August 1987). Establishment of the Reserve has been carried out with the considerable assistance of the National Range Agency (Under the Ministry of Livestock, Forestry and Range.) The Objectives of the Balcad Nature Reserve were:

•  Protection of the remaining forests

•  Encouragement of the recovery of the ecosystem

•  Establishment of facilities for the study of wildlife and forest ecology

•  Provision of education and training opportunities.

•  The riverine forest was fenced to protect against further damage by    grazing and woodcutting.

•  Guards were employed to protect the Reserve.

•  Guard's huts were built.

•  A nature trial was constructed through the forest, and a descriptive    guide written.

  • A campsite has been designed, and fire-pit built for cooking and cleared ground where meeting can be held.
  • Researchers have compiled a list of animals found at the Reserve.
  • An illustrated guide of the birds of Balcad Reserve was in preparation.
  • Hundreds of people have visited the Reserve for educational tours, bird watching, picnics, boat trips along the rivers, and camping trips.

Other SES Achievements prior to 1991


The outbreak of the civil war in Somalia and collapse of the former Government meant that all activities of the Society ceased, and many members fled the Country. However, members of the Somali Ecological Society, living in the UK, met several times from 1991-1995 to discuss and explore ways of re-vitalising, and re-launching the work of the organisation so as to resume its vital work in Somalia and Somaliland.

Mohamoud Omer Sh. Ibrahim
SES Chairman
March 2005

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